The spatial science of vāstushastra in traditional architecture of India

  • YEAR
    Singh, Anu
    Sharma, Shweta
    2019 Conference Papers
    Conference Papers
    Interpretation traditional built environment and practice


“Vāstu is the art of living in harmony with the land, such that one derives the greatest
benefits and prosperity from being in perfect equilibrium with Nature”
(Acharya, 1981, p.14).

The “Vāstu Shastra” is traditional practice in Indian Architecture. The Vāstu Purusha Mandala has an
origin of Vāstu Shastra. The Vāstu in Sanskrit means the nature. The Purusha refers to the energies of
cosmic man. The Mandala is the superimposition of energy fields. The Vāstu Shastra is based on five
elements – Sky, Air, Fire, Water and Earth. Thus, a design is reciprocation to cardinal directions: North, South, East and West grounded in the geographic location. The traditional city of Jaipur is researched on the timelessness of Vāstu Purusha Mandala. The spatial science will be a derivative of the societal patterns. The societal patterns as an outcome of the cultural beliefs. The cultural beliefs are said to be interwoven in the religion. The religious beliefs to purify mind and soul of humankind. The spatial networks such as – functions: zoning, connectivity: circulation, architectural features: decorations will be defining the urban design. The inferences will focus on the science of ‘logical argumentation and corelational research to set up the language of Vāstu Shastra through graphical sketches.

Key Words: Vāstu Purursha Mandala, Architecture Design, Mythology, Spatial Science.


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