The influence of green design elements on the visibility of lowrise houses in hot and humid climate

  • YEAR
    Seifi, Molood
    Abdullah, Aaldrin
    Reynald, Danielle M.
    2020 Conference Papers
    Acoustics, Daylighting/Lighting, Natural Ventilation, Thermal Comfort and Indoor Air Quality
    Conference Papers


To achieve thermal comfort in the hot and humid climatic condition of Malaysia, house design utilizes architectural and landscape elements such as sunscreens, specific orientation of openings, and vegetation to reduce the indoor temperature. However, the green elements might reduce the visibility of the house to the residents and their neighbours which results in residential burglaries. Thus, this study sought to investigate the impact of the designs of the green elements on the visibility of houses and levels of burglary. 114 houses with green elements were randomly selected from three residential neighbourhoods in Penang Island and were audited for burglary experience. Besides, an architectural observation method was used to measure the visibility of the houses. Structural equation method using Warp-PLS software was employed to analyse the collected data. The findings showed that vertical shading devices and the location of the windows on the rear facade of the house were among the design factors with a relatively higher negative impact on visibility. The study concludes that there is a non- linear, positive and significant relationship between green elements of the houses which provide visibility and the incidents of burglary in the study context.

Keywords: Green Elements, Visibility, Residential Burglary, low-rise houses.


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