Landscape Architecture as a Factor in the Formation of Thermal Systems of Residential Areas

  • YEAR
    Bahar, Fetty Febriasti
    Santosa, Happy Ratna
    Antaryama, IG. Ngurah
    2011 Conference Papers
    Landscape Architecture


Design of landscape has been considered as having influence on thermal condition of a
given place. It is thought that certain landscape configurations can reduce ambient air temperatures. In
this regard, the growing number of residential development in Surabaya, where many landscape
configurations are incoorporated in the design of residential cluster, has risen concern about their
impact on thermal condition of the area. The study aimed to investigate influence of different landscape
configurations on thermal conditions of residential area in Surabaya, and to explore influence of
shading on thermal performance of different landscape configurations. Field measurement was
conducted to record ambient air temperature in the Palm Beach residential cluster of Pakuwon City,
Surabaya. In addition to this, a computer simulation using Google Sketch-up was also carried out to
indicate shading coverage over surfaces. The study concluded that different landscape configurations
influnce thermal condition in the residential cluster, and shading is found to contribute to moderating
detrimental thermal effect of large proportion of hardscape in the cluster.


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