Educational architecture and architectural education: through Dar al-Fonun to Iranianised modern universities

  • YEAR
    2015
  • AUTHORS
    Hassan Pour, Faramarz
    Lewis, Miles
    Guo, Qinghua
  • CATEGORIES
    2015 Conference Papers
    Conference Papers
    Design Education and Design Research

Extract

The European impact upon modern educational buildings started with the establishment of the Dar al-Fonun in 1851 and flourished in the architecture of the University of Tehran in the 1930s. In the late Pahlavi period in the 1960s and the 1970s, international styles were dominant in the architecture of university buildings. The first signs of returning to local vernacular forms and materials can be traced from the early 1970s. Regionalism started to shape the architectural mainstream of Iranian universities since then. This paper aims to trace the main architectural stylistic features in Iranian higher education buildings in the last two centuries. To provide a clear understanding of this, the first Iranian modern college, the first (European-style) Iranian university and a number of subsequent university buildings are chronologically studied to identify and categorise the prominent architectural styles in conjunction with main upheavals in architectural education in the past two centuries. The architecture of selected university buildings of this period exemplify both modernising and localising approaches toward which the pendulum of Iranian higher education architecture has swung.

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