Designing functional urban open spaces: through user comfort & spatial analysis approach

  • YEAR
    Thilakaratne, Ruffina
    2018 Conference Papers
    Architectural Science: Cities and Outdoor Environments
    Conference Papers


Due to peculiar topography and extreme high density, Hong Kong’s open space per capita 2 sqm is far from the WHO standards of 9 sqm per person. Open spaces are often regarded as compliance to planning requirements rather than providing desirable outdoor amenities to the community. Due to challenging Summer conditions in Hong Kong such as high temperature & humidity and stagnant wind most urban open spaces are underutilized. This research investigates the factors effecting enjoyment of open spaces and design factors that may improve their function as public amenities. Exploration is based on user comfort, user behaviour, and design attributes. Data collection was conducted on seven urban parks within Tsuen Wan district on dry days during Summer. User comfort data gathered using a WBGT monitor and simulation methods supplemented by photographic survey of users’ movement within the parks and user interviews. Findings indicate tendencies in using these parks in the afternoon between 3pm to 5pm for passive recreation and navigating in shady locations and areas with seating. Residents expressed close proximity and presence of mature trees as positive attributes in these parks, however voiced the need for rain shelters, more shady areas and better storm water drainage.


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