Design with climate in ancient Rome: Vitruvius meets Olgyay

  • YEAR
    2018
  • AUTHORS
    Gelder, John
  • CATEGORIES
    2018 Conference Papers
    Architectural Science: Theory, Philosophy and Society
    Conference Papers

Extract

The location and design of Roman cities, farmhouses and town houses took account of the climate, at least according to the works of several Roman authors spanning a period of about 500 years, beginning with Vitruvius’ De architectura. Issues considered included latitude, site selection, heat, solar orientation, winds and daylighting. Vitruvius emphasised health, an emphasis of regulatory building codes today, rather than comfort and amenity. Victor Olgyay, writing Design with climate in 1962, and addressing similar issues, was more interested in comfort. The two works are compared.

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